Federalism: Russian and Swiss Perspectives
The State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan and the Embassy of Switzerland in the Russian Federation were the initiators of the organizing the International Scientific Practical Conference "Federalism: Russian and Swiss Perspectives" (Kazan, 22-23th of July, 2001)
The Conference is financially and organizationally supported by:
The organizers extend their appreciation to the John and Catherine McArthur Foundation (USA) for its complementary financial support.
Chairman of the State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan, Doctor of Political Science, Farid Mukhametshin and Ambassador of Switzerland in the RF Walter Fetscherin made a welcoming speech greeting the participants of the conference.
Scholars and experts from Tatarstan, Switzerland, Moscow, Nijniy Novgorod, deputes of the Republic of Tatarstan, representatives of several international organizations with a great interest discussed the real aspects of federalism dealing with problems of delimitation of authorities between federal, regional and municipal authority, with problems of legal and tax systems.
The materials of this conference were published in Russian and English.
- List of participants of the Conference
22th of June
Subsidiarity as a Principle of Federalism
- Switzerland: Subsidiarity, Ethnic and Cultural diversity
Авторы:Thomas Fleiner, Switzerland
Modern Switzerland has been constituted out of 25 sovereign (6 half cantons) cantons with the first Federal Constitution of 1848. With regard to its cultural diversity Switzerland is composed of 17 Cantons, which are German speaking, four Cantons, which are French speaking, and one Canton, which is Italian speaking. Three Cantons are bilingual (German – French) and one Canton has three languages (German, Romansh and Italian).
- On Interrelation between Democratization and Good Governance
"Good governance comprises the supremacy of the law, effectiveness of the state institutions, transparency and accountability within official structures, respect for human rights and practical participation of people in all the political processes happening in their county as well as decision making processes which can affect their lives".
- Problems of subsidiarity of Russian federalism on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan
Modern Russian federalism is a new, developing phenomenon, and thus it is open for perfection and operational development in view of accrued domestic and foreign experience. This thesis, which reflects one of the important aspects of subsidiarity, in our view is natural, obvious and indisputable.
- A Perspective from Switzerland: Judical System for a Federal State
Авторы:Rainer J. Schweizer
The 26 Swiss cantons, that all are liberated even though their different greatness, enjoy a constitutionally protected sphere of material autonomy and they participate in federal decisions, since the Constitution guarantees their right to participate together with the people of the country in decisions concerning their spheres of competence.
- Topical Problems to Modernise the Federal Structure of Russia (legal aspects)
The legislative initiatives of the Russian President, aimed at strengthening the state, evoked a disputable reaction and justified criticism, because of the absence of a single concept concerning the perfection of the state structure. Simultaneously several reforms, that touch the main spheres of state and public life, are carried out (federal, administrative, judicial, legal, land, labor, pension, communal, tax, reform of political parties, electoral system, reform of rail transport, gas branch, power engineering are among them, and it is not the entire list), but still they turn out to be rather superficial and contradictory.
- Federalism and International Interregional Cooperation
The Constitution of the Russian Federation of 1993 has provided conditions for developing regional foreign contacts. For the first time in the Russian history real federalism was included into the sphere of the state international activities.
- Judicial System in Russia: a Perspective from Tatarstan
23th of June
- Fiscal Federalism in Switzerland
Авторы:Thomas Stauffer, Switzerland
The fiscal constitution of the Swiss Confederation comprises on the one hand the basic rules pertaining to the federal budget, and on the other hand the rules governing the intergovernmental fiscal relations between the federal government and the cantons.
- Problems and Prospects in the Development of the Federative Situation in Russia
Two problems are essential to foreign federations: perfection of the legislation and perfection of the inter-budgetary relations (transfer of a part of the incomes of one region to the others, increase or reduction of the taxable base etc.).
- The Inter-budgetary Relations in the Russian Concept of Federalism
The usual pattern of interrelation of the budgets of the subjects of the Russian Federation with the federal center covers: 1) the distribution of taxes at the levels of the budgets; 2) budgetary flattening; 3) loan-administrative relations; 4) address-target relations.